In addition, Hispanics made up 37.4% of Houston's population in 2000, while non-Hispanic whites made up 30.8%. Click to schedule tryouts, view our year round training schedule, and more! In the early 2010s, two additional lines—the Green Line, servicing the East End, and the Purple Line, servicing the Third Ward—opened, and the Red Line was extended northward to Northline, bringing the total length of the system to 22.7 miles (36.5 km). [214] The city is home to the nation's third-largest concentration of consular offices, representing 92 countries. Houston voters lengthen term limits for city officials ", FBI Uniform 2010 (prov.) The Houston area is also home to the largest African American community in Texas. [246] The city also has over 200 additional green spaces—totaling over 19,600 acres (79 km2) that are managed by the city—including the Houston Arboretum and Nature Center. Two light rail lines outlined in a five-line system approved by voters in a 2003 referendum have yet to be constructed. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. [17], Nicknamed the "Bayou City", "Space City", "H-Town", and "the 713", Houston has become a global city, with strengths in culture, medicine, and research. [323] Roadway classification affects anticipated traffic volumes, roadway design, and right of way breadth. [316] Harris County is one of the largest consumers of gasoline in the United States, ranking second (behind Los Angeles County) in 2013. [309], Houston is considered an automobile-dependent city, with an estimated 77.2% of commuters driving alone to work in 2016,[310] up from 71.7% in 1990[311] and 75.6% in 2009. By 1910, the city's population had reached 78,800, almost doubling from a decade before. [14] In the mid-20th century, Houston's economy diversified, as it became home to the Texas Medical Center—the world's largest concentration of healthcare and research institutions—and NASA's Johnson Space Center, where the Mission Control Center is located. [247], Houston has sports teams for every major professional league except the National Hockey League. Pei and Philip Johnson, a diverse mix of post-modern, art deco and Italian renaissance. The Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County (METRO) provides public transportation in the form of buses, light rail, high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes, and paratransit to fifteen municipalities throughout the Greater Houston area and parts of unincorporated Harris County. Other nicknames often used by locals include "Bayou City", "Clutch City", "Crush City", "Magnolia City", "H-Town", and "Culinary Capital of the South". [163][164] During her tenure she authorized the Houston Equal Rights Ordinance which was intended to improve anti-discrimination coverage based on sexual orientation and gender identity in the city, specifically in areas such as housing and occupation where no anti-discrimination policy existed. The downtown Houston skyline offers picturesque backdrops for everything from engagement to graduation photos and it will likely remain the go-to skyline. [15][16] The Port of Houston ranks first in the United States in international waterborne tonnage handled and second in total cargo tonnage handled. They began going to Art Wren, a 24-hour restaurant in Montrose. 1.7 inches of snow fell at George Bush Intercontinental Airport the previous day. [179], Houston's Jewish community, estimated at 47,000 in 2001, has been present in the city since the 1800s. [157] Jordan Blum of the Houston Chronicle stated levels of LGBT acceptance and discrimination varied in 2016 due to some of the region's traditionally conservative culture. "[25], The Allen brothers ran their first advertisement for Houston just four days later in the Telegraph and Texas Register, naming the notional town in honor of President Sam Houston. According to the 2005 Houston Area Survey, 68 percent of non-Hispanic whites in Harris County are declared or favor Republicans while 89 percent of non-Hispanic blacks in the area are declared or favor Democrats. Houston proper began to spread across the region. [45], In June 2001, Tropical Storm Allison dumped up to 40 inches (1,000 mm) of rain on parts of Houston, causing what was then the worst flooding in the city's history. [328] The light rail system saw approximately 16.8 million boardings in fiscal year 2016. The Bank of America Center by Philip Johnson is an example of postmodern architecture. The Houston area encompasses more than 300 private schools,[283][284][285] many of which are accredited by Texas Private School Accreditation Commission recognized agencies. The company lost no less than $70 billion.[47]. KUHT (Houston Public Media) is a PBS member station and is the first public television station in the United States. Kearney. The city of Houston was incorporated in 1837 and adopted a ward system of representation shortly afterward in 1840. [186] Major technology and software companies within Greater Houston include Cybersoft, Houston Wire & Cable, and HostGator. [196] In 2010, mining (which consists almost entirely of exploration and production of oil and gas in Houston) accounted for 26.3% of Houston's GAP up sharply in response to high energy prices and a decreased worldwide surplus of oil production capacity, followed by engineering services, health services, and manufacturing. [265] The city of Houston's official 2010 census count was 600 shy of the required number; however, as the city was expected to grow beyond 2.1 million shortly thereafter, the two additional districts were added for, and the positions filled during, the August 2011 elections. ±Former community annexed by Missouri City, ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties. Houston was the headquarters of Continental Airlines until its 2010 merger with United Airlines with headquarters in Chicago; regulatory approval for the merger was granted in October of that year. Based on highest architectural feature, it is the 21st-tallest in the United States. Houston's climate is classified as humid subtropical (Cfa in the Köppen climate classification system), typical of the Southern United States. [337], Houston's bicycle sharing system started service with nineteen stations in May 2012. METRO's service area covers 1,303 square miles (3,370 km2) containing a population of 3.6 million. [345] United Airlines' share of the Houston Airport System's commercial aviation market was nearly 60% in 2017 with 16 million enplaned passengers. The only other major publication to serve the city is the Houston Press—which was a free alternative weekly newspaper before the destruction caused by Hurricane Harvey resulted in the publication switching to an online-only format on November 2, 2017. It is where one of the first—and still the largest—air emergency service, Life Flight, was created, and an inter-institutional transplant program was developed. [301] Other notable publications include Houston Forward Times, OutSmart, and La Voz de Houston. Though some have blamed the city's low density, urban sprawl, and lack of pedestrian-friendliness on these policies, others have credited the city's land use patterns with providing significant affordable housing,[85] sparing Houston the worst effects of the 2008 real estate crisis. [29], By 1860, Houston had emerged as a commercial and railroad hub for the export of cotton. 24% sorte og 44% spansktalende. Choose your favorite houston skyline paintings from millions of available designs. Sachin D. Shah and Jennifer Lanning-Rush. [310] A commuting study estimated that the median length of commute in the region was 12.2 miles (19.6 km) in 2012. [195] Only 27 countries other than the United States have a gross domestic product exceeding Houston's regional gross area product (GAP). [340], The Houston Airport System, a branch of the municipal government, oversees the operation of three major public airports in the city. All of that effort was well worth it. The arrival of the 20th century had a convergence of economic factors that fueled rapid growth in Houston, including a burgeoning port and railroad industry, the decline of Galveston as Texas's primary port following a devastating 1900 hurricane, the subsequent construction of the Houston Ship Channel, and the Texas oil boom. Leading in healthcare sectors and building oilfield equipment, Houston has the second-most Fortune 500 headquarters of any U.S. municipality within its city limits (after New York City). Houston also hosts a number of graduate schools in law and healthcare. [276], Houston is a significant hub for trafficking of cocaine, cannabis, heroin, MDMA, and methamphetamine due to its size and proximity to major illegal drug exporting nations. [6] Seven of the ten tallest buildings in Texas are located in Houston. The Houston area has over 150 active faults (estimated to be 300 active faults) with an aggregate length of up to 310 miles (500 km),[76][77][78] including the Long Point–Eureka Heights fault system which runs through the center of the city. [248] The Houston Rockets are a National Basketball Association franchise based in the city since 1971. The Lee and Joe Jamail Skatepark is a public skatepark owned and operated by the city of Houston, and is one of the largest skateparks in Texas consisting of a 30,000-ft2 (2,800 m2)in-ground facility. [24], The Allen brothers—Augustus Chapman and John Kirby—explored town sites on Buffalo Bayou and Galveston Bay. The Energy Corridor skyline … [348] Houston's aviation history is showcased in the 1940 Air Terminal Museum, located in the old terminal building on the west side of the airport. Furthermore, Jankowski stated that "more than 100 foreign-owned companies relocated, expanded or started new businesses in Houston" between 2008 and 2010, and this openness to external business boosted job creation during a period when domestic demand was problematically low. The temperature dropped to 7 °F (−14 °C) at Bush Airport, marking the coldest temperature ever recorded there. [325] Downtown and the Texas Medical Center have the highest rates of transit use in the region, largely due to the park and ride system, with nearly 60% of commuters in each district utilizing public transit to get to work. [268] In 2009, Houston became the first U.S. city with a population over 1 million citizens to elect a gay mayor, by electing Annise Parker. The University of Houston Law Center and Thurgood Marshall School of Law at Texas Southern University are public, ABA-accredited law schools, while the South Texas College of Law, located in Downtown, serves as a private, independent alternative. Houston Skyline. Parrott and widow of John Austin, the south half of the lower league [2,214-acre (896 ha) tract] granted to her by her late husband. This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 02:48. [332], Houston has the largest number of bike commuters in Texas with over 160 miles of dedicated bikeways. [152] Blacks or African Americans made up 22.5% of Houston's population, American Indians made up 0.3% of the population, Asians made up 6.9% (1.7% Vietnamese, 1.3% Chinese, 1.3% Indian, 0.9% Pakistani, 0.4% Filipino, 0.3% Korean, 0.1% Japanese) and Pacific Islanders made up 0.1%. As of 2017[update] some councilmembers who served two terms and won a final term will have served eight years in office, whereas a freshman councilmember who won a position in 2013 can serve up to two additional terms under the previous term limit law–a select few will have at least 10 years of incumbency once their term expires. Choose your favorite houston skyline designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Uptown (more commonly called The Galleria Area) is a business district in Houston, located 6.2 miles (10.0 km) west of Downtown and is centered along Post Oak Boulevard and Westheimer Road (Farm to Market Road 1093). [323] The Major Thoroughfare and Freeway Plan, updated annually, establishes the city's street hierarchy, identifies roadways in need of widening, and proposes new roadways in unserved areas. A 2017 study by the Rice University Kinder Institute for Urban Research found that 56% of Harris County residents have a preference for dense housing in a mixed-use, walkable setting as opposed to single-family housing in a low-density area. The porous layers were compressed over time and forced upward. NRG Stadium hosted Super Bowl LI on February 5, 2017. 75th-tallest in the United States; 8th-tallest in Texas. Economic gains of blacks who entered defense industries continued in the postwar years. [259] In motorcycling, the Astrodome hosted an AMA Supercross Championship round from 1974 to 2003 and the NRG Stadium since 2003. [349], Houston's third municipal airport is Ellington Airport, used by the military, government (including NASA) and general aviation sectors. Due to the boom in defense jobs, thousands of new workers migrated to the city, both blacks and whites competing for the higher-paying jobs. Hurricane Harvey damaged hundreds of thousands of homes and dumped trillions of gallons of water into the city. [99] Prevailing winds are from the south and southeast during most of the year, which bring heat and moisture from the nearby Gulf of Mexico and Galveston Bay. Paul Broussard was murdered in Montrose in 1991. Uptown became one of the most prominent instances of an edge city. [36] Ellington Field, initially built during World War I, was revitalized as an advanced training center for bombardiers and navigators. Some of the academic and research health institutions at the center include MD Anderson Cancer Center, Baylor College of Medicine, UT Health Science Center, Memorial Hermann Hospital, Houston Methodist Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital, and University of Houston College of Pharmacy. [165], Houston and its metropolitan area are the third-most religious and Christian area by percentage of population in the United States, and second in Texas behind the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. [264] At-large council members represent the entire city. The tallest building in Uptown is the 64-floor, 901-foot (275 m)-tall, Philip Johnson and John Burgee designed landmark Williams Tower (known as the Transco Tower until 1999). Land in some areas southeast of Houston is sinking because water has been pumped out of the ground for many years. ; Gift; The Lyda Hill Foundation; 2014; (DLC/PP-2014:054). [331] A daily Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach connects Houston with Amtrak's Chicago–San Antonio Texas Eagle at Longview. [324] The agency's 75 local routes contain nearly 8,900 stops and saw nearly 67 million boardings during the 2016 fiscal year. Our houston skyline canvas art is stretched on 1.5 inch thick stretcher bars and may be customized with your choice of black, white, or mirrored sides. [170], Lakewood Church in Houston, led by Pastor Joel Osteen, is the largest church in the United States. System produces every year who enter the workforce in Houston and throughout Texas. In addition, NRG Astrodome was the first indoor stadium in the world, built in 1965. [102] Air conditioning is ubiquitous in Houston; in 1981, annual spending on electricity for interior cooling exceeded $600 million (equivalent to $1.69 billion in 2019), and by the late 1990s, approximately 90% of Houston homes featured air conditioning systems. Originally constructed at a height of 651 feet (198 m), the building's height was extended in 1996. About Skyline Displays Of Houston, A Leader Among Trade Show Display Companies In Houston Located in the great city of Houston, our design center offers … Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000", "How Houston has become the most diverse place in America", "In Houston, America's Diverse Future Has Already Arrived", "Meet 'Black Girl Magic,' The 19 African-American Women Elected As Judges In Texas", "Join us in Houston, America's Next Great Black Business Mecca", "Sylvester Turner mostly right; Houston is 'most diverse, "2013-2017 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Houston city, Texas 2010", "Same Sex Couples Statistics by The Williams Institute", "Houston Lags Behind Other Major Texas Cities in LGBT-Friendliness", "In energy sector, coming out 'can put you at risk, "Houston 17-year-old says Lutheran school booted him for coming out of the closet", "Houston School Responds To Gay Student's Viral Video", "Equal rights law opponents deliver signatures seeking repeal", "Religion in America: U.S. [172] The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston claims approximately 1.7 million Catholics within its boundaries. These buildings are home to the headquarters of various multinational businesses and financial institutions. [202] Twenty-five foreign banks representing 13 nations operate in Houston, providing financial assistance to the international community. In 2007, Downtown had over 43 million square feet (4,000,000 m²) of office space. [13] They successfully lobbied the Republic of Texas Congress to designate Houston as the temporary capital, agreeing to provide the new government with a state capitol building. [dubious – discuss][124], In a recent case testing these regulations, near the Brickhouse Gulley, an old golf course that long served as a floodplain and reservoir for flood waters, announced a change of heart toward intensifying development. [89], Houston had the fifth-tallest skyline in North America (after New York City, Chicago, Toronto and Miami) and 36th-tallest in the world in 2015. [35], Houston is home to one of the largest LGBT communities and pride parades in the United States. Houston's total crime rate including violent and nonviolent crimes decreased by 11 percent. [342] The four-runway, 1,304-acre (528-hectare) facility is located approximately 7 miles (11 km) southeast of Downtown Houston. The "Inner Loop" encompasses a 97-square-mile (250 km2) area which includes Downtown, pre–World War II residential neighborhoods and streetcar suburbs, and newer high-density apartment and townhouse developments. Westpark Tollway and Fort Bend Parkway are operated conjunctly with the Fort Bend County Toll Road Authority. The Houston Astros are a Major League Baseball expansion team formed in 1962 (known as the "Colt .45s" until 1965) that won the World Series in 2017 and appeared in both the 2005 and 2019 World Series. , 80.5 % of respondents identified as Christians [ 6 ] seven of the Bible.. 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