Postmaster General John McLean, in office from 1823 to 1829, was the first to call it the … That is, until the arrival of a dance called the Hustle along with a #1 song by the same name. Design competition (1858) In 1858 a design competition was held for a new General Post Office building, with the winners announced on Friday 7 May 1858. The General Post Office (GPO) was officially established in England in 1660, by Charles II, and it eventually grew to combine the functions of both the state postal system and telecommunications carrier. Bush signs the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the most sweeping affirmation of rights for the disabled in American history at the time, into law. The General Post Office (GPO) was officially established in England in 1660 by Charles II and it eventually grew to combine the functions of state postal system and telecommunications carrier. Iowa, Nebraska and South Dakota, already in the midst of a bad drought, suffered tremendously from this disaster. Initially it was normal for the recipient of the post to pay the fee and they had the right to refuse to accept the item if they did not wish to pay. President George Washington appointed Samuel Osgood, a former Massachusetts congressman, as the first postmaster general of the American nation under the new U.S. constitution in 1789. The cheapest way to get from Nagpur to General Post Office costs only ₹500, and the quickest way takes just 2¾ hours. The United States Post Office Department was the predecessor of the United States Postal Service, in the form of a Cabinet department, officially from 1872 to 1971. Robert Mills (1781-1855) designed two of them (the Treasury and Post Office buildings) and supervised construction of all three. General Post Office; General Post Office. Built during a period of economic growth, it dwarfs the seventh post office south on Toronto street, which still stands. A new GPO was built on the Terrace in 1890, although lack of funds meant it had to be equipped with the fitout from the older Post Office. This, however, will be subject to the review of the premises today. Chennai GPO covers an area of about 23.33 km 2 (9.01 sq mi) and serves a population of around 220,000. The first government post office in Zagreb was established in 1831. For the next 87 years, it remained ...read more, The Republic of Liberia, formerly a colony of the American Colonization Society, declares its independence. Acting Postmaster General Jacqueline Gordon said the service was interrupted when LIAT, which was facing liquidation, suspended its flights. A ...read more, In the 11th hour of World War II, Winston Churchill is forced to resign as British prime minister following his party’s electoral defeat by the Labour Party. The Penny Black allowed letters of up to ½ ounce (14 grams) to be delivered at a flat rate of one penny, between any two places in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland irrespective of distance. Benjamin Franklin is generally called the father of the American postal service, as he was the first Postmaster General under the 1775 Continental Congress. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. New Classifications added to the General Post Office mapping and surveys! It has no sub- or branch offices. During early colonial times in the 1600s, few American colonists needed to send mail to each other; it was more likely that their correspondence was with letter writers in Britain. However, the following year, he was appointed postmaster general of the United Colonies by the Continental Congress. ... (ACL) is an established state library of the Government of Tamil Nadu. Franklin (1706-1790) put in place the foundation for many aspects of today’s mail system. In the same year the savings bank offering of the Post Office was transferred to the treasury and re-branded to become National Savings. On July 24, Tokyo decided to strengthen its position in terms of its invasion of China by moving through Southeast Asia. Significant Dates › Stamps and Postcards › One year later, the Office of the Chief ...read more, The Suez Crisis begins when Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalizes the British and French-owned Suez Canal. 11 Surprising Facts About Benjamin Franklin. ...read more, The U.S. 500, the most prestigious race in the Championship Auto Racing Teams (CART) series, dissolves into tragedy on July 26, 1998, when three fans are killed and six others wounded by flying debris from a car at Michigan Speedway in Brooklyn, Michigan. Raised in a middle-class English family, Michael Philip Jagger attended the London School of Economics but left without graduating in order to pursue ...read more, On July 26, 1931, a swarm of grasshoppers descends on crops throughout the American heartland, devastating millions of acres. The invention of the adhesive postage stamp by Sir Rowland Hill in 1837 was a key milestone for the Post Office and just three years later the Penny Black was established. To simplify matters, Hill proposed an adhesive stamp to indicate pre-payment of postage. The General Post Office, LDC served its purpose at the time and was used for a year or so. Chennai General Post Office (GPO) is located on Rajaji Salai at Parry's Corner, Chennai.It functions in a building built in 1884. The Post Office Ltd as it is known in its current form came into existence in 2001. Franklin held the job until late in 1776, when he was sent to France as a diplomat. ...read more, The musician, actor, film producer and Rolling Stones front man Mick Jagger is born in Dartford, Kent, England on July 26, 1943. Throughout the years, it had been the headquarters of the Hong Kong Post Office, serving the public and maintaining close communication with postal administrations around the world for 65 years. Postal distribution efficiency was significantly increased by creation of post codes, introduced five years later in 1974. Before the Acts of Union 1707, it was the postal system of the Kingdom of England, established by Charles II in 1660. “LIAT was our sole airline that would carry our items from Antigua to Barbados, then from Barbados to the US ports,” Gordon told […] Truman’s order ended a long-standing practice of segregating Black soldiers and relegating them to more menial jobs. African Americans had been serving in the United ...read more, On July 26, 1990, President George H.W. Celebrating 80 years of the Speaking Clock. Telegraphy and telephony made their appearance as part of the postal service before becoming separate departments. As disability rights attorney Arlene Mayerson would later write, the story of the ADA ...read more, On July 26, 1908, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is born when U.S. Attorney General Charles Bonaparte orders a group of newly hired federal investigators to report to Chief Examiner Stanley W. Finch of the Department of Justice. On July 26, 1775, the U.S. postal system is established by the Second Continental Congress, with Benjamin Franklin as its first postmaster general. The General Post Office will resume deliveries to the United States beginning Saturday. It is located opposite to the Chennai Beach suburban railway station. It had been a general store before it was converted into a post office in 1816. India Post inaugurated a floating post office in August 2011 at Dal Lake in Srinagar, Kashmir. He made numerous improvements to the mail system, including setting up new, more efficient colonial routes and cutting delivery time in half between Philadelphia and New York by having the weekly mail wagon travel both day and night via relay teams. Daily Opening Hours: 10.30AM – 8PM For 150 years, Singapore Post (SingPost) as the country’s postal service provider, has been delivering trusted and reliable services to homes and businesses in Singapore. Established in 1910 Rowsley Post Office & General Store is based in the Peak District. It was over 100 years later when the next significant milestone in the life of the GPO saw uniformed post men take to the street for the first time (1793). The Brisbane General Post Office complex was established in 1872 to service the communications requirements of the colony of Queensland, a reflection of Queensland's increasing population and prosperity. The Louth-London Royal Mail by Charles Cooper Henderson, 1820, The headquarters of the General Post Office in St Martins-le-Grand in the City of London, late 1820s, Clerks at work in a London post office circa 1808, Royal Mail ‘Post Office Regulations’ handbill giving details of the Uniform Penny Post, dated 7 January 1840, The Inland Letter Office at the General Post Office in 1845, 24th Middlesex Rifle Volunteers (Post Office Rifles) in 1895, Ambulance detachment, 24th Middlesex Rifle Volunteers (Post Office Rifles), 1897. Located in St Martin’s Le Grand, EC2, the building designed by Sir Robert Smirke was 400ft long by 80ft deep. Under pressure from Britain, the United States hesitantly accepted Liberian sovereignty, making the West African nation the first democratic republic in African history. The history of this site predates the 1872 construction of the Brisbane GPO by John Petrie. Generally the Appointment Division of the First Assistant Postmaster General's Office sent a site-location report form to the postmaster nearest the proposed post office for completion. As a newly formed mutual organisation, independence from Royal Mail enabled the Post Office to make independent strategic decisions. It is located on the intersection of Buddh Marg and New Market Station Road. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! READ MORE: 11 Surprising Facts About Benjamin Franklin. In the more than two centuries since Benjamin Franklin was appointed our first Postmaster General in 1775, the Postal Service™ has grown and changed with America, boldly embracing new technologies to better serve a growing population. There were no post offices in the colonies, so mail was typically left at inns and taverns. Postmaster appointments before 1832 are found in National Archives microfilm publication M1131, Record ofAppointment of Postmasters, Oct. 1789-1832 (4 rolls). Show all articles. At the time, there were approximately 75 post offices in the country. General Post Office . Store Details Location 01-123 to 125 Website www.singpost.com . Nationality: British. Find your next job opportunity near you & 1-Click Apply! In 1753, Benjamin Franklin, who had been postmaster of Philadelphia, became one of two joint postmasters general for the colonies. Just one year after it was formed, the postage date stamp was first used and the inaugural Postmaster, Henry Bishop – also the inventor of the first postmark used on mail, was appointed tasked with overseeing the GPO. We hope you enjoy exploring our rich history. On July ...read more, On July 26, 1941, President Franklin Roosevelt seizes all Japanese assets in the United States in retaliation for the Japanese occupation of French Indo-China. An operator preparing to feed a carrier holding about 500 letters into the transmitter for despatch through the tube from Brooklyn Post Office to New York General Post Office… The rise of mail volume, as well as the introduction of telegraph in 1850 and a public telephone system in 1887, [3] created a pressing need for a new post office building. It is located at Kotturpuram, Chennai. One unique telegraph office was established and operated in the capital of Lhasa until the People's Republic of China's annexation of Tibet. Browse 32,122 GENERAL POST OFFICE job ($29K-$76K) listings hiring now from companies with openings. Congress established the Post Office Department as a branch of the Treasury Department in 1789. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. From there the previous telecommunications arm of the Post Office disappeared in 1981 when the British Telecommunications Corporation was formed. Cbd. The original General Post Office was and is still within its metes and bounds of The United States of America. He left a vastly improved mail system, with routes from Florida to Maine and regular service between the colonies and Britain. Still can't find what you're looking for? As both the state system provider and telecommunications carrier, the GPO expanded across the British Empire from having an initial jurisdiction across just England and Wales; then for the whole of Great Britain. The General Post Office, Patna (abbreviation GPO, commonly known as the Patna GPO) is a British Raj building located in Patna, Bihar, India.It is the central post office of the city of Patna and the headquarters of India Post's Bihar Circle. Located at the junction of Pedder Street and Des Voeux Road on the Hong Kong Island where World-Wide House is now situated, the old General Post Office (GPO) building was completed in 1911 and demolished in 1976. The Suez Canal, which connects the Mediterranean and Red Seas across Egypt, was completed by French engineers in 1869. All Rights Reserved. As a result British postal rates were high and complex. 1969 was another poignant year for the organisation as the GPO was dissolved to become known as the Post Office for the first time. It is … By the outbreak of the conflict in 1914, the Post Office employed over 250,000 people and nearly a quarter of these were enlisted with the army. The postal service gets the mail delivered, rain or shine, using everything from planes to mules. In 1835, a General Post Office (GPO) was established in St Georges Terrace, although it took until 1841 for a Postmaster General was appointed. On July 26, 1775, the U.S. postal system is established by the Second Continental Congress, with Benjamin Franklin as its first postmaster general. Find the travel option that best suits you. Franklin also debuted the first rate chart, which standardized delivery costs based on distance and weight. City of Conroe, U.S. state of Texas Nationalized by court order of the General Post Master Council of the Government of The United States of America! © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Since the very beginning of ...read more, On July 26, 1984, Ed Gein, a serial killer infamous for skinning human corpses, dies of complications from cancer in a Wisconsin prison at age 77. By July 1947, the Cold ...read more, On July 26, 1863, Confederate cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan and 360 of his men are captured at Salineville, Ohio, during a spectacular raid on the North. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/u-s-postal-system-established. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Gein served as the inspiration for writer Robert Bloch’s character Norman Bates in the 1959 novel “Psycho,” which in 1960 was turned ...read more, President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act, which becomes one of the most important pieces of Cold War legislation. CART (later known as ...read more. A post office was first established in Melbourne on 13th April 1837, but it would not be until 1841 that a permanent post office building would be erected on the site of the present GPO. Less than 20 years later, in 1868, the first military links to the Post Office were formed as the 49th Middlesex Rifle Volunteers Corps, known as the Post Office Rifles came into being – made up of GPO employees. The postal service is a not-for-profit, self-supporting agency that covers its expenses through postage (stamp use in the United States started in 1847) and related products. The same day, Clement Attlee, the Labour leader, ...read more. General Post Office. Search above The act established much of the bureaucratic framework for foreign policymaking for the next 40-plus years of the Cold War. based: United Kingdom. As well as the 12,000 men who fought with the Post Office Rifles regiment, some 35,000 women were employed in temporary positions during the Great War as the GPO played a pivotal role in maintaining communications throughout the conflict. Ten years later the Postal Services Act 2011 was significant in that it led to the Post Office Ltd becoming independent of the Royal Mail Group as of 1 April 2012. It was the first general election held in Britain in more than a decade. Arrangedalphabetically by name of post office, these records include the name of each post office and thestate in which it was located, dates of establishment and discontinuance of post offices, thenames of postmasters, and dates of postmasters' appointments. The introduction of the Penny Black was responsible for the introduction of the Uniform Penny Post, a uniform postal rate which cut administrative costs and encouraged use of the postal system and adhesive postage stamps. More than 50 employees at the General Post Office (GPO) in St John’s will be unable to work while the Ministry of Public Works carries out renovations as a result of flood damage. U.S. postal system established. How militant were women’s suffrage campaigners in Gloucestershire. For as popular as it was during much of the first half of the 20th century, couples dancing seemed poised to go by the wayside of American popular culture by the early 1970s. Starting in July 1862, Morgan made four major raids on Northern or Northern-held territory over the course of a year. Although the Constitution was adopted in 1788 it was not until 1792 that Congress formally established the United States General Post Office. President Harry S. Truman signs Executive Order 9981—ending discrimination in the military—on July 26, 1948. Today, the United States has over 40,000 post offices and the postal service delivers 212 billion pieces of mail each year to over 144 million homes and businesses in the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, the American Virgin Islands and American Samoa. Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress established the Confederation Post Office effective October 18, 1782. Despite the lapse of nearly forty years since its demolition, the old GPO building remains in livi… It was a franchise, not the original General Post Office of 1775. The General Post Office, begun in … Similar General Post Offices were established across the British Empire. Synonyms for general post office include post office, mail depot, mailroom, mail service, mail system, postal communications, postal service, sorting office, GPO … Network modernisation, including extended opening hours and a reduction of the Crown network by moving Crown post offices into shops, is laying the foundations for the Post Office Ltd to evolve further moving forward. The General Post Office (GPO) was the state postal system and telecommunications carrier of the United Kingdom until 1969. The postal service is the nation’s largest civilian employer, with roughly 500,000 career workers. Under the guise of the General Post Office (GPO), it soon grew as an important organisation integral within the infrastructure of England during the seventeenth century. It was headed by the postmaster general. Source: General Post Office in 1890 from McCord Museum. Enter your email address below to get the latest news and exclusive content from The History Press delivered straight to your inbox. The Postal Service Act, signed by U.S. president George Washington on February 20, 1792, established the department. The charge was based on the distance the item had been carried and the number of sheets, so the GPO had to keep a separate account for each item. As the first stamp issued anywhere in the world for sending letters the Penny Black Stamp remains iconic to this day and led to the introduction of the Post Office pillar box in 1852. A short history of the Post Office The Post Office dates way back to 1660 when it was established by Charles II. In 1774, the British fired Franklin from his postmaster job because of his revolutionary activities. Welcome to the General Post Office of the Government of The United States of America, 1774 to Present time! These initial military connections to the GPO were then to be magnified as the organisation played a pivotal role during the First World War. Mail deliveries from across the Atlantic were sporadic and could take many months to arrive. A key moment in terms of the developing infrastructure of the postal network came in 1829 when the first purpose-built mail facility was fully operational. The oldest continuously operating post office is the Hinsdale Post Office in Hinsdale, New Hampshire. The General Post Office was the city’s eighth post office and much grander than any of the others that preceded it. 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