Adepts of the technological lock-in hypothesis have reflected on the question how the conditions for a breakout towards a new technology path could be created. The established technology pattern has become a pervasive system (Arthur et al. The SDGs were set in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and are intended to be achieved by the year 2030. From the behavioural theory emerges a picture of the firm as a plural organisation that relies on conventional solutions and is sluggish in adjusting to changing external circumstances. CiteScore: 14.1 ℹ CiteScore: 2019: 14.1 CiteScore measures the average citations received per peer-reviewed document published in this title. The environmental management is a technical routine task as the requirement and the technologies are largely pre-selected by the policy makers. To achieve and sustain good environmental quality in economies that will continue economic growth, environmental pressures per unit of output must be reduced by a factor of 4 to 10 in high income countries during the next fifteen to twenty years (Weizsäcker et al. One major thing to understand here is that sustainable development does not talk about shifting to pre industrial era, but promotes alternative ways of working that preserve the environment. A broad range of policy interventions is advocated to shift technologies into a new “clean pattern”. Let us therefore investigate ideas of the two other theories: evolutionary theory, which focuses on technological lock-in as barriers to environmental innovations, and the behavioural theory of the firm, which perceives the decision making in the firm as barrier for innovation. In short, the behavioural theory of the firm suggests that environmental innovations can only be expected if high-rank management senses the urgency of and anticipates tough environmental demands in the future and under exceptionally promising market conditions. Such changes suggests a shift from the polluting industry-based economy to the low pollution service-based economy. The greenhouse gases have resulted in the melting of ice caps leading to a rise in sea levels. To delve this complexity, solid definitions must be proposed for development and sustainable development in order for a framework to be established through which these complexities … 2001). Topics ; Milestones; Interactive Milestones. Return packaging, imposed by many regulators a decade ago as a cleaner product, is now perceived as having doubtful environmental effects. 91 Springboard, Lotus Building The argumentation is that in the early stage of economic development, growth of national income is associated with increasing pollution but that in the later phase income growth goes hand in hand with less pollution due to an increasing share of services in total output. If an objective is not achieved, options to solve the problem are taken into consideration one by one, starting with least incisive option and within the department where the problem has emerged, for example a drop in sales has to be solved in the first instance by the marketing department. Take a look at the following pointers which elaborate upon the format of 300-350 word essay. The policy measures they recommend are among others: focused support of innovations in market niches, making innovative technologies mandatory as well as public investments in innovations. In this way, an innovation is linked with other activities in a path-dependent pattern with positive effects on productivity. Required fields are marked *. There are a range of sustainable growth strategies: For instance, urban in-fill, suburban redevelopment, and open-land development can all lead to more diverse housing styles and multi-modal transit. For that reason, the question of how useful evolutionary theory is has been vividly discussed (Stoneman & Diederen 1994; Metcalfe 1994; Ruttan 1997; Dosi 1997). Sample Essay 2 on Sustainable Development (250-300 words) Sustainable Development has become a controversial topic in today’s world. Mentioned below are some important examples of sustainable development. After discussion of the three theories in sections 2, 3 and 4 we give our conclusions in section 5. Human survival has been brought under threat due to environmental degradation due to increasing population, economic development and deforestation. Expressions of interests in the form of short abstracts were submitted by 07 March 2020. solution to global poverty must involve empowerment of the . In the process of urbanization, industries are degrading the environment with their continuous use of natural resources. The message of evolutionary theory that decision-makers can choose cleaner technology is appealing as it suggests a steering capability. The recommendation to base decisions on the assumed dichotomy between types of environmental technology is also dubious because it supposes an environmental authority with almost perfect foresight of future developments, able to pick the winners before the race has started. Block A, Defence Colony New Delhi, Sustainable development is largely about people, their well-being, and equity in their relationships with each other, in a context where nature-society imbalances can threaten economic and social stability. Would such a firm get stuck in a lock-in in old technology, or dare to break out? The report concludes that these actions (in the right policy, investment, and technology environments) could reduce global GHG emissions by up to 4 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents in 2030 and by up to 11 billion tonnes in 2050. The curative approach has been motivated by the policymakers' wish to achieve emission reduction as fast as possible, hence implementing regulations based on use of available treatment technologies instead of process integration, which would be more cost-effective in the long run. 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